Washington, DC: The United States-backed forces have announced a complete elimination of terrorist organisation Islamic State (IS) from Syria. According to the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Baghouz, the last IS-occupied area, has also been liberated.
The SDF announced this end of the Caliphate or Khalifa’s parallel rule.
In 2014, after taking control of the third region of Iraq and Syria, ISIS leader Abu Bakar al-Baghdadi had declared himself the Khalifa and announce the beginning of the Khalifa regime in Syria.
Though it is believed that Baghdadi is still hidden somewhere in Iraq. Some of his terrorist recruits are hiding in the desert areas of Syria and in some cities of Iraq. They execute his orders from time to time. Therefore, the threat of ISIS is still intact.
About 11,000 fighters of the SDF were killed during the conflict with ISIS over the years. According to the Syrian Observer for Human Rights, 630 civilians and even 1,600 ISIS terrorists have also been killed in gruesome battles for several weeks.
How ISIS started
The story of the rise of ISIS started with the end of Saddam Hussain’s rule in Iraq. After a long battle, the US had freed Iraq from the clutches of Saddam Hussain, but in the process of ‘liberation’ of this country, Iraq was completely ruined.
As the US military left Iraq, many small groups began to fight for area dominance. The leader of one of those groups Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who was the al-Qaida head in Iraq, launched a breakaway group in 2006.
Because of the lack of resources, Baghdadi was not able to succeed in implementing his plan to terrorise the region initially.
To capture Iraq and focus on it, Baghdadi changed the name of al-Qaida’s Iraq unit to ISI, the Islamic State of Iraq.
Baghdadi coerced the commanders and soldiers of Saddam Hussain’s remnant Army to join him. After this, he started targeting the police, Army offices and checkpoints. By then, thousands of people of the region, frustrated by Americans messing up the affairs of their nation, had joined Baghdadi.
Yet, Baghdadi was not able to achieve the complete control of Iraq. So, he decided to move to Syria. Syria was then fighting a civil war.
Fits and starts in Syria
Baghdadi did not get any major success in Syria for the first four years. During this time, he once again changed his organisation’s name to ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria). Since this region is referred to as the Levant as well, the terrorist outfit acquired two names: ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) and ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant).
On June 2013, the general of the Free Syrian Army appealed to the world for the first time, saying if they did not get the weapons, they would lose the war with the rebels within a month.
Within a week of this appeal, the US, Israel, Jordan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar started offering aid, arms and training to the Free Syrian Army. These countries provided modern weaponry, anti-tank missiles, ammunition and everything else Syria needed to fight the militia.
To their horror, however, the weapons that were meant for the Free Syrian Army pilfered to the ISIS within a year because, by then, the ISIS had broken into the Syrian Army and many of its people had joined Baghdadi’s force.
ISIS now occupied a large portion of Syria and Iraq. These included many big cities of these two countries.
June 2014 onwards, the ISIS started wreaking havoc in Iraq and Syria, and the organisation is still not dead. ISIS terrorists captured many important cities. They ran their ‘government’ in these areas. The ISIS had taken control of Raqqa, Palmiera, Dayr ez Zor, Hasakah, Aleppo, Holmes, Yarmouk, and Ramadi of Iraq, Anbar, Tikrit, Mosul, Fallujah in Syria.
In June 2017, the ISIS suffered a major setback. After a long fight, Mosul was freed from the terrorists. Slowly, the ISIS lost one area after another. Its impact area shrank.
In 2018, the Syrian government encircled the ISIS on the periphery along the Israel-controlled Golan Heights and Yarmouk to the south of Damascus.